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The most recent US sanction relief for Iran (Iran GL D-2) is to provide Internet services for the people of Iran as they are partaking in an uprising. It has imposed sanctions on the Minister of Communication along with others due to Internet censorship.


The UK issued a license and authorized limited transactions to facilitate Civilian Telecommunication Services, which are either an “electronic communication network” or “electronic communications service” as defined by Section 32 of the Communications Act 2003 that is used for civilian purposes.


US and EU impose sanctions against Russia because of Russia’s invasion of Ukraine. The UK joins the US and EU in imposing separate sanctions.


Sudan ccTLD redelegation issue and sanctions.


US withdrawal from Afghanistan and Taliban takeover. Afghanistan IP addresses are still registered, but it is not clear what will happen in the future. It might be difficult to verify who is in control of these addresses.


The Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs confirmed that they recognized IP resources as economic resources, as defined in the EU sanctions regulations. Therefore, RIPE NCC must freeze the resource if provided to a sanctioned entity.

Iran & Syria

RIPE NCC became aware that two member entities based in Iran and one member in Syria might be on the sanction list. They informed the members and created additional sanction screening processes.


US issued Iran General License D-1, with Respect to Certain Services, Software, and Hardware Incidents to Personal Communications 

About The Author

Farzaneh Badii

Digital Medusa is a boutique advisory providing digital governance research and advocacy services. It is the brainchild of Farzaneh Badi[e]i.Digital Medusa’s mission is to provide objective and alternative digital governance narratives.