The 9/11 terrorist attack. The US began to use sanctions more aggressively. Sanctions also became more targeted (early smart sanctions), but there was no Internet-specific sanction relief yet. The Internet had been commercialized but had not achieved its later ubiquity. The US tightened its sanctions on Afghanistan.
About The Author
Digital Medusa is a boutique advisory providing digital governance research and advocacy services. It is the brainchild of Farzaneh Badi[e]i.Digital Medusa’s mission is to provide objective and alternative digital governance narratives.