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US, 9/11

The 9/11 terrorist attack. The US began to use sanctions more aggressively. Sanctions also became more targeted (early smart sanctions), but there was no Internet-specific sanction relief yet. The Internet had been commercialized but had not achieved its later ubiquity. The US tightened its sanctions on Afghanistan.

About The Co-Author

Angie Orejuela

Deputy Editor-in-Chief for the Journal of Diplomacy and focuses her writing on how digital technologies affect global politics.For the past 3 years, she has also worked as a Microsoft Inside Account Manager for the North East, higher education region at SHI International.